Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums that gradually destroy the bone support of your natural teeth. Dental plaque is the primary cause of gum disease. There are over 600 types of bacteria found in plaque which produce toxins that irritate the gums. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth causing pockets to form. As periodontal disease progresses, the supporting gum tissue and bone that hold the teeth in place deteriorate. If left untreated, this leads to tooth loss.
While some individuals with periodontal disease have symptoms such as sore or bleeding gums, bad breath, or shifting teeth, others have no symptoms at all. Pain is rarely seen in patients with periodontal disease, except at very advanced stages. There is increasing evidence that periodontal disease also affects your general health. Recent studies have show that patients with untreated periodontal disease are at:
- 2 times greater risk for heart disease
- 3 times greater risk for stroke
- 7.5 times greater risk for pre-term low birth weight babies
- 65% increased risk for pancreatic cancer
The good news is that periodontal disease is treatable. With proper care and maintenance you and your teeth can have a long and healthy life!
Periodontal treatment is necessary when various conditions affect the health of your gums and the areas of the jawbone that hold your teeth in place. Retaining your teeth is directly dependent on proper periodontal care and maintenance. Healthy gums enhance the appearance of your teeth, like a frame around a beautiful painting. When your gums become unhealthy, they can either recede or become swollen and red. In later stages, the supporting bone is destroyed and your teeth will shift, loosen, or fall out. Our care includes: